Architect of India’s first and world’s second test tube baby

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1985 – 19th June: Dr. Subhas Mukherjee Memorial Reproductive Biology Research Centre (Promoted by Behala Balananda Bramhachari Hospital, Jadavpur University and Advanced Centre for Cryogenic Research, a sponsored unit of Indian Cryogenic Council) was inaugurated by Prof. Ashok Mitra, ICS, an eminent demographer and a professor at JNU. Valuable guidance was received all through from Late Prof. M.M.Chakraborty, former Vice – Chancellor, Jadavpur University and President, : Dr. Subhas Mukherjee Memorial Reproductive Biology Research Centre.

1991: Renowned film director, Shri Tapan Sinha, produce a Hindi Film “Ek Doctor ki Maut” based on the events that happened in the life of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee. The received a National Award. This film is also based on a story written by Sri, Ramapada Chowdhury, an eminent journalist.

1994 – 19th June: A new Division of the memorial center, named as Food & Nutrition Division’ was inaugurated by Mr. Abdul Razzak Molla, Hon’ble Minister for food processing Industries, Govt. of West Bengal, with the objective of conducting R&D work relating to Food Processing and Applied Nutrition, as also to provided training.
Incidentally, Dr. Subhas Mukherjee carried out research work on nutritional evaluation of Norwegian FPC supplements on Bangladesh refugees during 1973-74.

1997- 8th February: Dr. T.C.Anand Kumar, Former Director of the Institute of Research in Reproduction (ICMR) Bombay, also known to have produced India’s first documented Test Tube Baby Delivered Dr. Subhas Mukherjee Memorial Oration at Science City in Calcutta during 3rd National Congress on Assisted Reproductive Technology Organized by Indian Society for Assisted Reproduction. After getting most of the published and unpublished papers of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee and the technical report submitted to the Govt. of West Bengal (1978), Dr. Anand Kumar emphatically expressed that he convinced that Dr. Subhas Mukherjee produced India’s test-tube-baby. He published a paper to that effect in “Current Science” April 10th, 1997. He has analyzed in detail and expressed that the following technological first should be created to Mukherjee.

● Mukherjee was the first to successfully use human menopausal gonadotrophins (hMG) for ovulation stimulation in an IVF programme to ensure the availability of multiple ovarian follicles for aspiration. hMG is now routinely used all over the world in IVF programme and the credit for its first time use has been created to Howard Jones in USA after three years.

● Mukherjee was the first to approach the ovaries via the vaginal route by posterior colpotomy. The transvaginal route the most widely used approach to the ovaries for follicular aspiration under ultra sonographic guidance.

● Mukherjee was the first person to have succeeded in freezing and thawing human embryos using a reagent (DMSO) which is now very commonly used for freezing embryos. The Australian team headed by Trounson is credited for having first made this discovery in the 1980s.

● Mukherjee was the first to have aspirated oocytes in a stimulated cycle, fertilize them invitro and freeze the embryos in that cycle, recover the throw and transfer them into the uterus during the following natural cycle. This procedure has been followed by several other clinics successfully now.

2001: Following this revelation the Dr. Subhas Mukherjee reproductive Biology Research center was encouraged to published a book entitled “Architect of India’s First Test Tube Baby- Dr. Subhas Mukherjee” containing most of the published and unpublished research contribution of Subhas Mukherjee.

2002: The Indian Council of Medical Research acknowledge the contributions of Subhas Mukherjee with regard to the work on IVF and recorded it in their document “National Guidelines for Accreditation, Supervision and Regulations of ART Clinics in India”. Prof. Dr. N.K.Ganguly, director general of ICMR had also taken appropriate interest in this matter who had also delivered the Dr. Subhas Mukherjee Memorial Oration on 21st January, 2004 organized by Indian Cryogenics Council.

2003- 28th April: Prof Sunit Mukherjrr, the only surviving member of the IVF team, was felicitated by the Indian Indian Institute of chemical Engineers at a funtion in Kolkata and was conferred the Honorary Fellowship by Dr. P.G.Rao, President of I.I.Ch.E.

2003- 3rd October: Silver Jubilee of IJV in India organized by hope Infertility Clinic, Inter Academy Biomedical Science Forum and Indian Council of Medical Research held at Bangalore. India’s First Test Tube Baby, ‘Durga’ or Kunu-priya and the only surviving member of the IVF team, Prof Sunit Mukherjee ware felicitated.

2005: The Health & Family Welfare Dept. of Govt. of West Bengal, Particularly with the initiative of the Hon’ble MIC, Dr. Surjya Kanta Mishra has Taken 3 important steps in perpetuating the memory of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee in a befitting manner. Firstly, re-designation of the post of Professor of physiology in the NRS Medical College as Subhas Mukherjee Professor’. Secondly, installation at an appropriate place in NRS Medical College of a plaque in memory of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee.
Thirdly, constituting a committee with Director of Medical Education as Convener, to examine the feasibility of establishing an institute for research in reproduction and stem cell with a view to perpetuating the memory of Subhas Mukherjee and his major research work in reproductive physiology and endocrinology.
(Govt. notification no. 11F/MERT/589 & 591/W-93/03/PtI at 31.05.05)

2005- 4th February: Subhas Mukherjee Memorial Oration delivered by Dr. T.C. Anand Kumar, organized by Indian Society for Study of Reproduction & fertility Regulation at Kolkata.

2005- 21st June: Inauguration of the Training Unit of Food & Nutrition Division of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee Memorial Reproductive Biology Research Center by Sri Sailen Sasrkar, Hon’ble minister for Food Processing Industries & Horticulture, Govt.

October 19th , 2005: Prof. Dr. Asim Dutta Roy, Dept. of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway. Special Memorial Lecture on ‘Evolution, Epigenetic and Material nutrition’. Commemorating 20 years of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee Memorial Reproductive Biology Research Center.

Dr. Surjya Kanta Mishra, Hon’ble Health Minister of West Bengal was present as chief Guest.

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