Architect of India’s first and world’s second test tube baby

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Brief background of the Institute

3rd October 1978 was a glorious day for India, with the birth of World’s first test tube baby from frozen embryo and India’s First Test Tube Baby; but that was culminated in a shattering humiliation, impeachment and ultimately death of a scientist, a medical doctor on 19th June 1981, who had brilliant success in treating patients with problems of infertility.

The intellectuals of Kolkata ware unhappy about the manner in which Subhas Mukherjee was treated by the government machinery and the professionals. The whole episode would have been wiped off from the pages of history had it not been the efforts of a few institutions and associates which decided to perpetuate the memory of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee in a befitting manner.

Three organizations namely: Jadavpur University, Indian Cryogenics Council and Behala Baiananda Brahmachari Hospital headed by 3 broad hearted visionaries, Prof M.M. Chakraborty, Vice-Chanceller; Prof A. Bose, Founder president of ICC and Dr Ajit Roy President, BBBH, decided to promote a research center, now known as Dr. Subhas Mukherjee Memorial Reproductive Biology Research Center” The Center was registered in 1985 and enjoyed the benefit of 80 G and FCRA. The research center was opened and inaugurated by the renowned academician and demographer, Prof. Asoke Mitra, ICS, formerly of JNU.

The Medical Research Division center carried out modest research work and provided some services through it infertility clinic Particularly through the encouragement and help of Padmashree Dr. Anutosh Dutta, Secretary, Behala Baiananda Brahmachari Hospital. Moreover of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee Memorial Oration’ was organized every year where renowned Indian and foreign scientist delivered the oration. 20 years after the birth of the India’s First Test Tube Baby, Durga, it was revealed by Dr. T.C. Anand Kumar, former Director of the Institute of Research in Reproduction (ICMR), Mumbai also Known to have produced India’s First Test Tube Baby in 1986, that Dr. Subhas Mukherjee was not only the Architect of India’s First Test Tube Baby but his innovated method is being followed in almost all IVF clinics in the world. He published a paper in ‘Current Science’, April 1997. This development inspired the members of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee Memorial Reproductive Biology research Center to publish a book titled as “ Architect of India’s First Test Tube Baby - Dr. Subhas Mukherjee” in 2001 compiling the research contribution of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee. The book was distributed to concerned experts and institutions. Thereafter, the Indian Council of Medical Research in their document “National Guidelines for ART Clinics in India” Acknowledged the outstanding research contributions of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee and his team in 2002. Subsequently in 2005, the Health Dept. of Govt. of West Bengal has instituted a chair as ‘Dr. Subhas Mukherjee Professor of Physiology’ in NRS Medical College & has also initiated an action in the establishment of an Institute in the Medical College in memory of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee where research will be conducted in reproductive health and stem cell. Larger community of scientists through out the world now knows these facts. The ‘Dictionary of Medical Biography’ published by Greenwood, Sussex, UK has recently recorded the contributions of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee.


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